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Separated twin Kalia undergoes plastic surgery, is stable

Ten days after a rare surgery was conducted to separate them, one of the conjoined twins from Orissa, Kalia, went through a plastic surgery on Saturday to remove the skin flap on his skull. A team of plastic surgeons from Coimbatore was present during the operation, which lasted for nearly two hours. The twins were craniopagus, or had their heads attached.
“Kalia underwent a plastic surgery in which the debridement process was followed by skin grafting, a procedure in which unhealthy skin is replaced by skin obtained from the skin bank,” a senior doctor at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) said.
The surgery was performed by a team of doctors, including Dr Deepak Kumar Gupta, Professor of Neurosurgery, Dr Maneesh Singhal, HOD of the plastics, reconstructive and burns surgery at AIIMS, and Dr Rajeev Sharma, assistant professor of neurosurgery.
The child is still on the ventilator, while his brother, Jagga, was taken off the machine on Wednesday and moved to a private ward with his parents on Saturday. Kalia will remain on the ventilator for two more weeks.
According to a statement released by AIIMS: “Jagga has been taken off the ventilator. He is conscious, recognises his mother, and responds to questions. His cardiac and kidney function has improved. He is stable and shifted to a private ward. Kalia is on ventilator and his condition is stable. All his parameters are normal but he is expected to be kept in ICU for a longer period.”
In one of the rarest surgeries in the country, the craniopagus twins from Orissa were separated in an 18-hour procedure by a group of 30 specialists. The surgery started on October 25 at 9 am and got over the next day, at 3 am. On October 19, Jagga showed some problem in his heart function and his condition started to deteriorate, after which the surgery was planned.

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Air pollution can cause stroke: Neurologists

As pollution levels deteriorate in the National Capital Region, health experts have warned that continuous exposure to polluted air has the potential to cause a stroke among adults. Alhough it was earlier believed that pollution only increased the risk of heart problems, it also possesses the capability to damage inner linings of veins and arteries.
“In the current scenario, the situation is getting worse. Many young patients in the 30-40 age group suffer from stroke. We get around 2-3 patients almost every month. The number of young stroke patients has almost doubled as compared to last few years. Studies suggest major risk factors include soaring air pollution,” said Praveen Gupta, Director Neurology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram.
Research bodies estimate that the number of fragments of dead cells in the bloodstream increased with higher levels of pollution. Polluted environment promote stroke incidences more pervasively and at an earlier stage than previously thought. Nearly 15 million people annually suffer a stroke worldwide, of which around six million die and five million are left with permanent disabilities such as loss of sight and speech, paralysis and confusion.
On the occasion of World Stroke Day, October 29, the experts emphasised that indoor air pollution caused by combustion of solid fuels is equally contributing to the stroke burden in the society. On an average, the internal air pollution in Indian rural homes exceeds the World Health Organisation (WHO) norms by 20 times.
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Raw food sold in Kolkata has Lead concentration far above permissible limit

Raw food items sold in most city markets have Lead concentration far above the permissible limit and can permanently damage key human organs, a survey conducted by the Geological Survey of India has found.
Samples of raw food items like polished rice, red lentil ,red spinach, chicken, fish, biscuits, spice and a common medicinal herb , collected from 12 markets in the city showed a mean Lead concentration between 3.78 and 43.35 mg/kg.
“The mean Lead concentration found in the raw food materials is very high compared to the threshold value of 2.5mg/kg specified by Food Safety & Standards Regulation (2011), India,” senior scientist of the GSI, Avijit Das, who headed the group conducting the two-year study, said Sunday.
As per the American and European standards, the current reference range for acceptable blood Lead-concentration in a healthy human being, without excessive exposure to environmental sources of Lead, is less than 0.05 mg/L for children whereas it is less than 0.25 mg/L for adults.
Prolonged exposure of lead, which is a highly toxic element, to humans can cause permanent damage to the kidneys, liver and hematologic systems.
Children are more at risk because lead exposure can reverse their brain growth and cause irreversible damage to their overall well being.
The study, conducted by leading scientists of the GSI, also found that about 75 per cent of the Lead contamination in the food items sold in Kolkata markets, were contributed by atmospheric Lead, mainly produced by the combustion of diesel.
Apart from collecting soil and vegetable samples from Dhapa ground, alongside the EM Bypass, for the study of Lead contamination, the scientists had also collected street dust samples from major roads of the northern and southern parts of the city for the study.
“Coal samples were collected from Jharia and Ranigunj to assess the presence of atmospheric lead from the use of coal while Galena (ore of Lead) samples from Alwar (Rajasthan) were brought to calculate the Lead Isotopic Ratio (LIR) of Indian lead,” Das said adding, rain water and diesel samples were collected from city markets for the study.

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For a cracking Diwali this year, just let there be light

The air quality in the Capital post-Diwali, according to SAFAR forecast, will continue to be in the “very poor” category even if only half the crackers from last year are burnt. However, if as many crackers as last year to go off, the air quality would be “severe” or to a level that could trigger the Environment Pollution Control Authority (EPCA) to take stricter pollution-control measures.
Delhi’s air quality is likely to worsen mainly due to meteorological conditions that will trap pollutants from local sources such as firecrackers.

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Drinking More Water May Reduce the Risk of UTI in Women

Urinary Tract Infections or also known as UTI are very common in women. It is an infection from microbes that may affects the urethra, urinary system, bladder and even the kidneys. The most common symptoms include pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, burning sensation during urination and blood in the urine. The infection can be treated with antibiotics but a new study has found that drinking more water on a daily basis may help in reducing the risk of contracting UTI all-together.

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Choose A Healthy Lifestyle To Be Active At Work

The theme of this years’ World Mental Health Day marked on 10th of October each year is centered around the significance of mental health and well-being at the workplace. It’s relevance in our hectic lifestyle in the contemporary world is definitely undeniable, as our workplace often becomes the source of a lot of pressure and workload. It is evident to note the ever-increasing levels of stress stemming from our workplace in today’s scenario. With the changing lifestyles, increasing competitive nature of the corporate setups, higher stakes involved, it is not unexpected for many of us to have increasingly rising ambitions and desires for our career.

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Sunny Leone’s Navratri condom ad isn’t the problem; our hypocrisy towards sex is

Advertisement hoardings of a condom brand carrying the image of Sunny Leone and a message about Navratri has created controversy in Surat on Monday. A city-based group organised a protest against the advertisement posters and threatened to get aggressive about it if the hoardings are not removed.

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7 minute easy yoga poses and stretches you can do at your desk

Working while sitting on a chair for the most part of the day is not good for your health and body. But, work is worship and it should not be skipped or denied. But, the desk-bound and sedentary lifestyle in cities are responsible for causing obesity as well as neck & back pain. The good news is that you can use your chair to do yoga stretches in order to refresh your mind and body. Please follow the below mentioned easy to do yoga stretches.

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